This literary and artistic movement, Dada, originated in Zürich, Switzerland, in 1916, when a group of artists and performers disillusioned by World War I and the current state of art randomly decided to create the movement. Dadaism is antiestablishment, denounced pretension in the art world and supported the absurd and illogical in place of traditional artistic values.
The founders of the movement, included Hugo Ball, a theater director, and Jean Arp, as well as the Romanian poet Tristan Tzara. Over the next few years, the Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Max Ernst and the American photographer Man Ray joined Dadaism.
Dadaism began in 1915 in Zurich and by the end of World War II many Dadaists went on exile and the movemement became less active.
“Dada” in French is a child’s word for “hobby-horse”. Dadaism artworks have no meaning and interpretation depends on the viewer. The base of the movement is nonsense and it emerged as a response to the frustration and confusion derived from World War I. Through this rejection of traditional culture and aesthetics they hoped to reach a personal understanding of the true nature of the world around them.
The main characteristics of Dadaism were:
- anonymous and collective
- spontaneous, random, and provocative
- organic and biomorphic
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