DECOLONIZATION OF ASIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST
- In Asia Philippines had a peaceful process after US gaining their influence in 1946. Hindustan peninsula divided into India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. French Indochina split into Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The Dutch colonies also gained independence.
- In the Middle East, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and the countries in the Arabian Peninsula became independent. The formation of Israel in Palestine led to Arab – Israeli Wars.
THE PUSH TO DECOLONISE. THE BANDUNG CONFERENCE IN THE UN.
The Bandung Conference in 1955 (Indonesia) for 29 decolonized countries in Asia and Africa was organized by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharial Nehru. Its final declaration condemned colonialism. The UN condemned colonialism in 1960.
THE DECOLONIZATION OF AFRICA
This process took longer. In 1950 only Egypt, Liberia and Ethiopia were the only independent countries. The process had several stages:
- The process of independence first affected the northern colonies like Libya, Tunisia and Morocco. Algeria got independence in 1962 after a long war with France.
- Most Sub-Saharan Africa (Ghana, Nigeria, Somalia, Kenya) were decolonized in a peaceful way. However, there were colonial wars in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Belgian Congo.
- Portuguese colonies of Guinea – Bissau, Angola and Mozambique got independence in 1975.