The most important were:

  • Political borders were arbitrary so conflicts between countries arose as well as civil wars due to corruption or dictatorships.

  • Countries kept on having tight bonds with their old metropole or depended on US or URSS. These is called neo-colonialism characterized by unequal trade and foreign debt.
  • Social Continuous population growth and poor economic situation led to low standards of living, hunger, malnutrition, lack of health services and low rates of literacy.

The group of decolonized countries were called the Third World in comparison to the third stated in the French Revolution. These countries had a policy of non-alignment with the capitalist bloc or the communist bloc. However, the role played by these countries was secondary.

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