THE CONGRESS OF VIENNA

CONGRESS OF VIENNA

  1. September, 1814, through June, 1815
  2. Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia sought to:
  • Restore the Old Regime
  • Establish a balance of power.

Important leaders at the Congress of Vienna

  1. Prince Clemens (or Klemens) von Metternich of Austria – wanted to roll back the clock to 1792
  2. Lord Robert Castlereagh of Great Britain – wanted to end the French military threat
  3. Tsar Alexander I of Russia – wanted to set up a “holy alliance” of Christian rulers who would fight united to suppress future revolutions
  4. Prince Maurice de Talleyrand of France – shrewdly tried to get a good deal for France

 Results of the Congress of Vienna

  1.  Redesigned the European map to surround France with strong countries
  2. Principles of legitimacy – restored the hereditary (“legitimate”) monarchies
  3. Concert of Europe – European leaders would meet to address their concerns
  4. For the most part, large-scale war was avoided for 100 years (until World War I in 1914)
  5. Failure to realize the power of nationalism

Alliances formed after the Congress of Vienna

Two alliances were created:

  1. The Holly Alliance formed by Prussia, Austria and Russia.
  2. The Quadruple Alliance with the same members of the Holly Alliance plus United Kingdom.

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congress-of-vienna-worksheet

congress-of-vienna-students-worksheet

 

 

 

 

 

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