WW I  officially ended  when Germany and the Allies signed the Treaty of Versailles  on June 28, 1919. The terms of the Treaty of Versailles were extremely harsh for Germany who had taken responsibility for the war. France, Britain and Italy wanted to take revenge and punish the Germans. The terms of Treaty of Versailles detailed territorial and military changes as well as financial compensations (Reparations) for causing the Great War.

Treaty of Versailles Cartoon

Who signed the Treaty of Versailles?
There were many signers of the Treaty of Versailles, the most important were President Woodrow Wilson of the United State of America, David Lloyd George of Great Britain, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, and Georges Clemenceau of France.

The Effects of the Treaty of Versailles with Germany
The major effect of the Treaty of Versailles was to force Germany to give massive amounts of land to the Allies, force Germany to pay exorbitant amounts of reparation money to the Allies, and limit the size of the German army to a fraction of its former size.

Establishment of the League of Nations

The League of Nations was created but Germany was not allowed to join. Wilson´s Fourteen Points called for the creation of a “general association of nations” known as the League of Nations. The purpose of the League of Nations was to ensure that the League’s member nations would help preserve peace and prevent future wars by pledging to protect and respect each other’s territory and political independence.



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