Realism is considered as the accurate presentation of forms, perspective, light and color. The Realist movement began in France after the Revolution of 1848 as a rejection of Romanticism and a way of criticism of the society in the 19th century.
The main characteristics of Realism in painting are:
- Deliberate rejection of Romanticism.
- Uses light and shadow to depict three-dimensional forms and weight.
- Portrays people with honesty and no idealization. Present objets, figures and landscapes as they really appear.
- The subject of the painting is based on ordinary genre scenes of people in their everyday lives.
- The use of muted and earthy colors